Legal Framework

The international legal framework is provided for by the WTO. The relevant EU legislation is the basic anti-dumping regulation and the basic anti-subsidy regulation.

Contact details related to Trade Defence Instruments for SMEs

Useful links related to Trade Defence Instruments for SMEs

The DG Trade website provides a lot of information about new initiations, ongoing investigations and measures in force (

The WTO agreements cover three TDIs:- anti-dumping- anti-subsidy- safeguards

What is dumping?


An anti-dumping measure — usually in the form of a duty — is applied to counteract the injurious effects of dumped imports and restore fair competition.

What is a subsidy?


A subsidy is a financial contribution by a government or a public body that confers a benefit on a recipient (company, industry, sector).

Safeguard measures may be introduced when an industry is negatively affected by an unforeseen, sharp and sudden increase of imports.

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