Interested parties


Interested parties include: (i) an exporter or foreign producer or the importer of a product subject to investigation, or a trade or business association a majority of the members of which are producers, exporters or importers of such product; (ii) the government of the exporting Member; and (iii) a producer of the like product in the importing Member or a trade and business association a majority of the members of which produce the like product in the territory of the importing Member.



See “on the spot investigation”.



An application is the document submitted by a domestic industry containing evidence of (a) dumping, (b) injury and (c) a causal link between the dumped imports and the alleged injury. Also called petition or complaint.

Causal link


It must be demonstrated that the dumped imports are, through the effects of dumping causing injury within the meaning of this Agreement

See “provisional anti-dumping measures”.



The procedural action by which a WTO Member formally commences an anti-dumping investigation

Duty system where duties are calculated on a retrospective basis so that dumping margins are based on actual export prices. Determination of the final liability for payment of anti dumping duties takes place as soon as possible, normally within 12 months, and in no case more than 18 months, after the date on which a request for a final assessment of the amount of the anti dumping duty has been made



When the amount of the anti dumping duty is assessed on a prospective basis, provision shall be made for a prompt refund, upon request, of any duty paid in excess of the margin of dumping.