Investigation at the premises of an interested party that has completed a questionnaire to verify information provided or to obtain further details.

See “provisional anti-dumping measures”.

Duty system where duty levels are calculated on the basis of historical data and applied to future transactions regards of actual prices (must be accompanied by the possibility to claim refunds if dumping is not occurring).

Related company


Producers shall be deemed to be related to exporters or importers only if (a) one of them directly or indirectly controls the other; or (b) both of them are directly or indirectly controlled by a third person; or (c) together they directly or indirectly control a third person, provided that there are grounds for believing or suspecting that the effect of the relationship is such as to cause the producer concerned to behave differently from non-related producers.



Where a final determination of injury is made where the effect of the dumped imports would, in the absence of the provisional measures, have led to a determination of injury, anti dumping duties may be levied retroactively for the period for which provisional measures, if any, have been applied.

Sunset review


See “expiry review”.

Threat of injury can exist where a change in circumstances which would create a situation in which the dumping would cause injury must be clearly foreseen and imminent

Trade remedies


US terminology for instruments providing remedy against unfair trade (e.g. anti-dumping, anti-subsidy etc.). See “trade defence instruments” (used in the EU).