Anti-dumping

Analogue Country

18/08/2008

A market economy third country used by the EU to determine normal value for cases involving non-market economies. Compare with “surrogate country” as used by the US.

Complaint

18/08/2008

See application.

If prices are considered unreliable because they are made to a related importer, a constructed export price can be used in the calculation. This is made on the basis of the first independent sale with allowances for costs, including duties and taxes, incurred between importation and resale, and for profits accruing.

Dumped

18/08/2008

A product is to be considered as being dumped, i.e. introduced into the commerce of another country at less than its normal value, if the export price of the product exported from one country to another is less than the comparable price, in the ordinary course of trade, for the like product when destined for consumption in the exporting country.

Initiation

18/08/2008

The procedural action by which a WTO Member formally commences an anti-dumping investigation

Affiliated company

18/08/2008

See related company.

Allowances

18/08/2008

Allowances or adjustments are made for differences affect price comparability i.e. the comparison between normal value and export prices. Factors that can be taken into account include differences in conditions and terms of sale, taxation, levels of trade, quantities, and physical characteristics.

The original anti-dumping provision of the GATT 1947, now incorporated into WTO rules through the GATT 1994

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