A situation where an application is supported by those domestic producers whose collective output constitutes more than 50 per cent of the total production of the like product produced by that portion of the domestic industry expressing either support for or opposition to the application. However, no investigation shall be initiated when domestic producers expressly supporting the application account for less than 25 per cent of total production of the like product produced by the domestic industry. 



An application is the document submitted by a domestic industry containing evidence of (a) dumping, (b) injury and (c) a causal link between the dumped imports and the alleged injury. Also called petition or complaint.

An administrative protective order (APO) is the legal mechanism in the US that controls the limited disclosure of business proprietary information to representatives of interested parties.



US International Trade Commission.

Trade remedies


US terminology for instruments providing remedy against unfair trade (e.g. anti-dumping, anti-subsidy etc.). See “trade defence instruments” (used in the EU).

Sunset review


See “expiry review”.



Allowances or adjustments are made for differences affect price comparability i.e. the comparison between normal value and export prices. Factors that can be taken into account include differences in conditions and terms of sale, taxation, levels of trade, quantities, and physical characteristics.

Affiliated company


See related company.